The origin of Arcenant is very old : in prehistorical times, mens came sometimes in this region to hunt bison and horse. Several thousands years after, they established themselves there and built first villages.
In gallo-roman period, a rural place was established, not far from the old Neolithic way going through top of Hautes-Côtes : l’Ecartelot, where excavations were made since 1988. Ecartelot sheltered a sanctuary, a village of hunters, handicrafts men, breeders and farmers. Then, the merovingian period was important : several cairns still existed.
Located between woods and vineyard, Arcenant has the characteristic to welcome production of red fruits : the “Puits Groseille” (“the red currant well”) take its name from that.
Many legends of fairies, witches and Saint Martin exist in Arcenant.
On 15th June 1944, the maquis of Arcenant managed to opposite against the enemy attack.